Hoverboards have become immensely popular these days all over the world. The first time the term “hoverboard” was introduced or coined was in the classic and evergreen movie Back to the Future II. However, these hoverboards do not literally hover like Marty Mcfly in the movie but sounds way too cool to let go of that name.
Hoverboards are basically known as self balancing skateboards. This rising hot new trend is hard to resist with the demand increasing each day. It consists of two platforms for the person to stand on with a wheel on each side. The wheels rotate independently of each other. Hoverboards have a built in sensor which helps to maintain the balance and keep the rider upright whatsoever. They contain a few components such as a gyroscope for balancing, batteries for fuel and motors to keep the hoverboard in motion.
Hoverboards are so easy to ride. The rider has to stand on the pressure sensitive pads – one for each foot. To set the hoverboard in motion, all you need to do is lean forward to move ahead and lean backward to go backwards. When the rider needs to change directions, you can place one foot forward than the other which will cause that side of the wheel to move faster and hence, changes the direction.
There are different types of hoverboards that are available on the market. Basically, three types of hoverboards exist:
• Known as the Hendo Hoverboard, it was released in the year 2014.The Hendo board is made up of four electromagnets also known as hover engines which create a strong electromagnetic field to lift the user and levitate them. So this hoverboard definitely sticks to its name with the principle of levitation kept in mind. However it only hovers over a conducting surface for the electromagnetic fields to be produced but not over water.
• Lexus Hoverboard was made by the company Lexus. This hoverboard works on the principle of magnetic field. It consists of a magnet placed in the ground and superconductor in the hoverboard. The superconductor when placed near the magnet, it creates the levitation effect. It is smaller in size as compared to the Hendo hoverboard and looks pretty similar to a skateboard. The only setback is that it can work only over areas where magnets are present. They also don’t work over water surfaces. The superconductors need to be kept cold continuously or else they do not function properly , failing in the levitation effect.
• The Omni hoverboard is a fan powered type of hoverboard. Canadian entrepreneur Philippe Maalouf is working on floating hoverboards. It travels a remarkable distance of almost 900 feet in the air. Out of all the different types of hoverboards, this one is the closest you can link to a hoverboard. It uses the principle of gravitational force. The rotors move in an upward direction when the props push the air present in a downward direction thus lifting the user above the ground. The flight time is only for a few minutes as it needs to be heavily charged.